Category Archives: Open Access

Open Access & the REF: an update

logo

HEFCE announced further clarification on the rules for REF2021 yesterday (PDF here) and this included some decisions on outputs and open access (on p.8). Key points are:

  • The policy is felt to be working in that more papers than ever before have been made open access.
  • The original policy stands with respect to the timeframe for researchers to act: papers must be uploaded to RIS within 3 months of acceptance.
  • However, there will be an exception to cover papers that miss this deadline but are uploaded within 3 months of publication.

The rules around this crucial timing issue have varied during the REF period so a summary is given below:

Papers accepted for publication before 1 April 2016 do not need to comply with the REF open access policy in order to be submitted to the REF (however they are encouraged to be made open access).

Papers accepted for publication between 1 April 2016 and 1 April 2018 need to comply with the REF Open Access policy to be submitted: for this period, the full text of the article needed to be uploaded into RIS within 3 months of the date of online publication (unless the paper was published with Gold Open Access on the publisher site or one of the other exceptions can be applied). Papers that were not uploaded to RIS within 3 months of publication (or which failed to meet other conditions of the policy e.g. minimum embargo period) cannot be submitted to the REF.

Paper accepted for publication after 1 April 2018 will need to comply with the REF Open Access policy to be submitted: the full text of the paper must be uploaded into RIS within 3 months of acceptance for publication (unless the paper was published with Gold Open Access on the publisher site or one of the other exceptions can be applied). It will be possible to claim an exception for papers that miss this deadline but which are uploaded within 3 months of publication. Papers that are not uploaded to RIS within 3 months of publication (or which fail to meet other conditions of the policy e.g. minimum embargo period) cannot be submitted to the REF.

The Library Research Support team checks for REF compliance and reports on this to Research Directors & REF staff. We are currently seeing around 85-90% of papers complying with the REF Open Access policy. We will be doing further publicity in 2018 to ensure all researchers are aware of what they need to do and know that we will be glad to help with any questions: iss-research@swansea.ac.uk.

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access, REF

Open access and the Bloodhound SSC

Many of you will have heard of Bloodhound SSC, a car built to break the landspeed record but also with the aim of interesting young people in STEM subjects.

218px-Bloodhound_SSC_(19)

By Katie Chan – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47617502

This open access week you may be interested to learn that research carried out at Swansea towards this project is openly available in our repository, Cronfa.

Make sure your work is part of Swansea University history by putting it in Cronfa. Contact iss-research@swansea.ac.uk if you need help.

Bloodhound related articles

Aerodynamic optimisation of the rear wheel fairing of the land speed record vehicle BLOODHOUND SSC / J. Townsend; B. Evans; T. Tudor
Aeronautical Journal, Volume: 120, Issue: 1228, Pages: 930 – 955

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa31365

Solid particle erosion protection for the BLOODHOUND SSC front wheel arches / C. J. Hannon; B. J. Evans
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications  

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa28394

Enhanced flow visualisation of complex aerodynamic phenomena using automatic stream surface seeding with application to the BLOODHOUND SSC Land Speed Record vehicle / M. Edmunds; B. Evans; I. Masters; R. S. Laramee
The Aeronautical Journal, Volume: 120, Issue: 1226, Pages: 547 – 571

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa28395

Spray drag effect of fluidized sand for a supersonic vehicle /Lakhdar Remaki; Oubay Hassan; Ben J. Evans; Kenneth Morgan
Journal of Coupled Systems and Multiscale Dynamics, Volume: 2, Issue: 3, Pages: 169 – 177

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa21090

Simulating the aerodynamic characteristics of the Land Speed Record vehicle BLOODHOUND SSC / B. Evans; C. Rose
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa18080

Design optimisation using computational fluid dynamics applied to a land–based supersonic vehicle, the BLOODHOUND SSC / B Evans; T Morton; L Sheridan; O Hassan;K Morgan; J. W Jones; M Chapman; R Ayers; I Niven
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Volume: 47, Issue: 2, Pages: 301 – 316

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa12231

Computational fluid dynamics applied to the aerodynamic design of a land-based supersonic vehicle / B.J Evans; O Hassan; J.W Jones; K Morgan; L Remaki
Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations, Volume: 27, Issue: 1, Pages: 141 – 159

https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa6255

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access, Research News

Are you funded by RCUK? Please note some changes to their open access policy

RCUK

 

 

In 2017/18 RCUK expects institutions to make 75% of their RCUK funded research open access. This is a high target so please make sure you make your work open access if they provide your funding.

RCUK have clarified the licences allowed on green open access articles for the research they fund (6.2 on their FAQ list). These are articles made freely available in an institutional repository. Articles should place no restriction on non-commercial reuse (including text and data mining) and should allow adaptations of the material to be shared. This means that a CC-BY-NC licence is acceptable but a CC-BY-NC-ND licence is not.  There is more detail on these licences on the creative commons web site.

Elsevier currently insist on a CC-BY-NC-ND licence for green open access which does not fit RCUK requirements so if you are publishing with them it would be best to apply for funding for gold open access. You can do this  using the online form on our APC page  when you have an article accepted. The Sherpa FACT tool allows you to check that journals from other publishers meet RCUK requirements.

If an author chooses the green route the embargo period should be a maximum of 6 months for STEM subjects and 12 months for arts, humanities and social sciences. This is a shorter time period than that allowed for the REF (2.1 on FAQ list). However, a longer period is allowed if there is no money for gold open access.

Innovate UK and the UK space agency are not part of RCUK so research funded by them cannot be paid for using the block grant – some people have been unsure about this.

If you are bewildered by the different licences and requirements please be assured that you will not be alone in this! Contact the Library research support team for advice about your own publications iss-research@swansea.ac.uk

 

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access, Research News

Open Access at Swansea Uni: some stats

We are just over a year into the REF Open Access policy; our own institutional open access policy (PDF) came out in March 2015. Taking a look at our repository back and front ends, we can see how deposit and full text rates have varied over time. The figures are as accurate as we can manage – unfortunately Cronfa does not yet utilise the IRUS-UK service which would give us a richer set of data. We hope one day we can join.

Items added to our repository (RIS)

Last month showed the highest ever number of records created: 961. This chart shows a month-by-month comparison over the last 3 years:

ItemsAddedtoRIS140617

We can see our repository is quieter in holiday months; it is likely the peaks are due to internal audit exercises where academics are reminded to add their papers.

Items with full text on Cronfa

The chart below shows the steady growth in full text items on Cronfa from 2015 onwards:

CronfaFullText1401617

At the moment we have about 10.3% of items on Cronfa with full text available – up from 2.2% in March 2015. This figure is particularly low because it includes many older items and significant numbers of books/book chapters/other output types. If we look at journal articles published since 2014, then we have around 36% full text. For the year 2016, full text journal articles reached 49.1% (with some items possibly still under embargo).

It’s encouraging to see the growth in open access content over the last few years. Our repository also feeds into the CORE aggregated search portal and an increasing amount of content is appearing on Google Scholar. The home page of Cronfa shows the most downloaded items and most recent additions.

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access

The REF Open Access policy is 1 year old

Birthday_Cake

Saturday 1st April 2017 marked the one year anniversary for the REF Open Access policy: this covers all journal articles and (some) conference proceedings accepted for publication after 1st April 2016. These papers must comply with HEFCE’s Open Access policy or they cannot be submitted to the REF.

Green Open Access on Cronfa

We have seen much progress around open access at Swansea University in the last year. Unsurprisingly, there has been a marked increase in papers made open access on our repository Cronfa: the REF policy is all about encouraging researchers to take advantage of publisher copyright policies that allow the accepted version of an article to be made public on a repository, known as “Green Open Access”.

The home page of Cronfa shows our latest full text additions, plus the most-downloaded articles of all time and the last week/month. Whilst Cronfa documents feed into the Core repository search portal and will turn up in Google search results, they are still not appearing regularly on Google Scholar. Reasons for this are not clear but we continue to investigate and are not alone in having this issue with our repository content. If you have an open access version of a paper on Cronfa circulating the URL to the open version ensures maximum impact.

Gold Open Access

We are also seeing many articles published with “Gold” (paid-for) open access. This is not essential for the REF Open Access policy (unless the chosen journal does not permit self-archiving to comply with the HEFCE policy). Whilst we do have money available for RCUK-funded publications, most of the Gold Open Access papers are paid for from research funding or other sources; Swansea University does not have an institutional fund for open access.

We have also seen 27 Swansea University authors take advantage of the excellent Springer deal for free open access in selected journals. This option is available to any staff or student who is corresponding author on a paper submitted to certain Springer journals.

REF Open Access Policy Compliance

For various reasons, it is difficult to give precise figures for REF Open Access compliance at this stage but our estimates suggest we are seeing strong levels of compliance (very rough estimate = 85-90%) for all papers that have been added to RIS (not just those that may be submitted to a future REF). There may be papers published by Swansea University authors but not yet added to RIS which would alter this estimate. The university’s own open access policy means that ALL publications should be made open access where possible, not just those that may be submitted to the REF.

Increased Support for Open Access

The Library Research Support Team expanded with 2 new posts in 2016 which reflects the additional reporting and compliance work around open access: Caroline Rauter is the Scholarly Communications Officer (c.rauter@swansea.ac.uk) and Penny Lauder is the Scholarly Communications Assistant (p.j.lauder@swansea.ac.uk). The team is managed by Annette Linton, Head of Library Content and Scholarly Communications (a.m.linton@swansea.ac.uk). We can be contacted on iss-research@swansea.ac.uk and more information on the support we offer can be found on our web pages. We work closely with staff in the Colleges on advocacy and support for open access.

The College of Engineering have also appointed Rebecca Kelleher as REF Officer (r.kelleher@swansea.ac.uk), who offers a REF compliant mediated deposit service to RIS/Cronfa for all staff in Engineering and Sport & Exercise Sciences and she also reports on Open Access compliance for the College.

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access, REF

Check out our full text on Cronfa

Have you noticed that the home page for our institutional repository, Cronfa, now showcases our full text outputs? You can now see:

  • Most recent full text additions
  • Lists of our most downloaded items this week, this month and all time

We’ve seen a big increase in full text on Cronfa since the university and REF Open Access policies came into effect plus we now have staff working behind the scenes to check copyright and chase authors if required!

 

We now have over 2000 full text items on Cronfa and over 600 more embargoed for future publication once the publisher copyright policy permits. View the full text items here – scroll down to filter by College or Department on the left.

If your paper is open access on Cronfa, use the URL to promote it on social media or email:

Cronfa_Address

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access, Research News

Does Arxiv satisfy the REF Open Access policy?

 

Short answer: no. The accepted version of a paper needs to be uploaded to RIS as well.

The HEFCE REF Open Access policy includes “subject based repositories” as a suitable home for open access papers. The associated FAQ state that HEFCE do not stipulate which repositories meet their requirements. One of the best known subject repositories is Arxiv, hosted at Cornell University Library: “Open access to 1,225,076 e-prints in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics” (at time of writing). These subject areas have a longstanding tradition of open science: scholars publish pre-prints on Arxiv for review which then later may get published in scholarly journals.

Traditionally Arxiv is a “pre-print” server rather than the accepted version (or post-print) that is needed for the REF policy, although sometimes these will also be on the site. Unfortunately at the moment files uploaded to Arxiv cannot be used to satisfy the REF Open Access policy because Arxiv does not record the date of acceptance for a paper and the version of the paper to satisfy the REF OA policy’s technical and audit requirements. We believe discussions are ongoing to try and resolve this but Swansea University researchers need to ensure they follow the guidance for compliance with the open access policy and upload the accepted version of all papers to RIS at acceptance for publication. The university’s own open access policy requires that researchers upload the accepted version of a paper into RIS so this remains the position even when an open version of the paper is on Arxiv.

Guidance on the open access policies is on the web here or SU researchers are welcome to contact the Library Research Team at iss-research@swansea.ac.uk.

Leave a comment

Filed under Open Access, REF