Creative Commons

Creative Commons

You may have been asked to put a creative commons license on your work. What is this and what does it do?

Creative Commons is a global non profit organization that enables sharing through the use of free legal tools. The licenses work with copyright law and give permissions to share, alter, etc. without anyone needing to contact you.

The licenses are:

CC-BY – lets others use, tweak and distribute your work as long as they give you credit. This is the most liberal license and the one favoured by RCUK who insist on it if they pay for your open access article.

CC-BY-SA – share alike – this lets others use, change and distribute your work as long as they credit you and also share anything they create from your work under the same license.

CC-BY-ND – no derivatives -people are free to use and share but cannot change anything.

CC-BY-NC-SA – non commercial share alike – allows people to use and alter your work as long as it is not commercial and they share it under the same licence.

CC-BY-NC-ND – allows others to download and share your work but they cannot change or share it commercially.

The creative commons site has a tool to help you choose the best for you https://creativecommons.org/choose/

Ideally creative commons would like to encourage people to share with as few restrictions as possible.

If you use their license tool it will give you a symbol to use on your work but also some code. If you are able to use this in your work it will mean that Google, YouTube etc. can identify it as having a licence and it will appear more in search results.

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Exporting publications from RIS to another system

If you want to set up a new research profile (such as an ORCiD) then a new feature on Cronfa can help! Research staff at Swansea University are required to enter all their publications onto our Research Information System (RIS). This then feeds them out to their staff web page, our institutional repository Cronfa and other processes such as REF. You can get publications into RIS directly from ORCiD but until recently there has been no easy way to get publications out of RIS into another system.

RIS feeds publications into Cronfa: a recent enhancement to Cronfa means that researchers can now export their publications from there BUT this will only capture outputs in RIS which have the “Public” flag ticked so that they appear on Cronfa (you will see a red Cross next to your output in RIS if it is not currently public).

In Cronfa, navigate to your author page: you can do this by searching for one of your outputs and then clicking on the “Swansea University author” name (highlighted in yellow below):

Cronfa_Author_Link

An author page looks like this:

Cronfa_Author_Export

At the top (highlighted yellow in the screenshot) there is an “Export all as” option. You can choose either EndNote or BibTex. If you select “BibTex”, you can manually edit the file name and add a “.bib” extension.

BibTex is used, for example, by ORCiD as one of their import options so this provides a quick route to populate your ORCiD profile with all your publications, particularly if you have publications which are not indexed in major databases such as Scopus.

If you wish to export a selection of outputs from Cronfa, you can use the “Bookbag” functionality. On any search results page you can select specific outputs and use the “Add to Bookbag”. The suitcase item at the top of the screen lets you view your “Bookbag” and there is an export option there for Refworks, EndNote and BibTex.

 

 

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Scopus citations now in Cronfa

Our research repository Cronfa now displays a citation count from Scopus if the data is available. Citation data will appear if:

  • The output has a DOI
  • The citation count is greater than zero

An example can be seen here (highlighted yellow):

Cronfa_Scopus_Data

Click the image to view the record in Cronfa

Clicking on the “Scopus” link should take you direct to the citing publications on Scopus but if you are off campus the login process can disrupt this. If you login, then try again – you should get through.

Scopus is the source of citation data for the world rankings (QS and THE) and for some REF Units of Assessment.

 

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See your article’s altmetrics in Cronfa

Swansea University’s public repository Cronfa has recently had a few enhancements. One of them is the addition of the Altmetric “donut” (or “bagel”, if you prefer). We have blogged about altmetrics before: the system counts mentions of a research paper across a wide range of media, social media, policy documents and more.

The donut will only appear on records that have some altmetric activity AND have a DOI or identifier that can be used to collate this activity (see “How it works” on the altmetric blog for more information). This is how it looks on Cronfa:

 

Screenshot of Cronfa article showing the colourful altmetric donut below the QR code

 

When you see the altmetric donut, the number in the middle is the altmetric “attention score” but you can click on it to explore the individual mentions that they have tracked. More information on what is counted on the Altmetric website.

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Are you funded by RCUK? Please note some changes to their open access policy

RCUK

 

 

In 2017/18 RCUK expects institutions to make 75% of their RCUK funded research open access. This is a high target so please make sure you make your work open access if they provide your funding.

RCUK have clarified the licences allowed on green open access articles for the research they fund (6.2 on their FAQ list). These are articles made freely available in an institutional repository. Articles should place no restriction on non-commercial reuse (including text and data mining) and should allow adaptations of the material to be shared. This means that a CC-BY-NC licence is acceptable but a CC-BY-NC-ND licence is not.  There is more detail on these licences on the creative commons web site.

Elsevier currently insist on a CC-BY-NC-ND licence for green open access which does not fit RCUK requirements so if you are publishing with them it would be best to apply for funding for gold open access. You can do this  using the online form on our APC page  when you have an article accepted. The Sherpa FACT tool allows you to check that journals from other publishers meet RCUK requirements.

If an author chooses the green route the embargo period should be a maximum of 6 months for STEM subjects and 12 months for arts, humanities and social sciences. This is a shorter time period than that allowed for the REF (2.1 on FAQ list). However, a longer period is allowed if there is no money for gold open access.

Innovate UK and the UK space agency are not part of RCUK so research funded by them cannot be paid for using the block grant – some people have been unsure about this.

If you are bewildered by the different licences and requirements please be assured that you will not be alone in this! Contact the Library research support team for advice about your own publications iss-research@swansea.ac.uk

 

 

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PlumX Metrics in Scopus

Scopus has introduced PlumX metrics into Scopus, following their recent takeover of the company. These come in 5 categories:

PlumX Metrics green Usage – e.g. clicks, downloads, views, library holdings

PlumX Metrics purpleCaptures – indicating that someone wants to come back to the work – bookmarks, favourites, readers, watchers

PlumX Metrics yellow  Mentions – news articles or blog posts about research. Includes comments, reviews, blog posts, wikipedia links, news media.

PlumX Metrics blue.pngSocial media – tweets, likes, shares

PlumX Metrics orangeCitations

When you are searching in Scopus look out for the image below as this information is now available as part of our subscription. Click on it to see the full detail available. Not every article will attract this kind of attention so you won’t see the image every time.

Scopus PlumX

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Do metrics reflect your academic achievements?

A chess piece wearing a golden crown

Universities already have their world rankings (and some REF areas) assessed with metrics. Individual researchers may well find they are being asked about their own metrics. This post lists four places to check your bibliometric profile and consider how well it reflects your work. It’s worth doing this, particularly to identify where metrics may NOT be capturing what you consider your successes. Simply claiming “metrics don’t work” or have limitations for your area is not as effective as demonstrating it!

There is no one definitive place to get an accurate count of your publications and citations: each source listed below indexes a limited amount of scholarly content and the figures will reflect that. This is particularly a problem for subject areas that are not well covered (typically Humanities/Social Sciences) and which do not publish primarily journal articles. Older papers (and older citations) can also be missing, although content coverage seems to be expanding on most services.

Scopus

Swansea University has a subscription to Elsevier’s Scopus database which is the source used for university rankings and some REF UoAs. You will have a profile on Scopus if it has indexed at least one of your papers and it takes the affiliation of your most recent paper. If you have more than one profile, you need to correct this: there is a “Request Author Details Correction” on a profile page; it can take a few weeks for this to get processed.

On your author profile page you can see:

  • Total number of papers indexed by Scopus (you may want to consider what’s been missed)
  • Total number of citations to your papers on Scopus: sort your list of papers by “Cited By” to see your most highly cited (how many have not been cited at all?)
  • Your Scopus h-index
  • A graph showing citations over time: this will tail off as it takes time for citations to accrue

SciVal

Scival (another Elsevier product) uses the same citation data from Scopus to give you further statistics. SciVal uses a limited date range (check the top of the page for the options) so you may see less papers/citations on SciVal than on Scopus.

SciVal can tell you:

  • How many of your papers were in the top 10% most cited worldwide.
  • How many of your papers were published in the top 10% of journals: you need to select a journal metric for this: “CiteScore” is Elsevier’s version of the Journal Impact Factor; “SNIP” attempts to normalise for your subject area.
  • Your Field Weighted Citation Index: this metric should not be used if you have under 50 papers, and even for higher numbers should be treated with caution.

With both Scopus and SciVal metrics, you may wish to compare yourself against colleagues in the same field: comparisons across subject areas will not work as citation and publication patterns differ.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar does not give a detailed list of what it indexes which weakens its case for robust use of its metrics. However, it is much more comprehensive than Scopus or Incites in terms of content, particularly for Humanities and Social Science areas. Comparing your content here against Scopus can give an idea of how much is being missed when Scopus metrics are used.

To see your metrics you will need to create a profile (example here): there is a good guide here on the ImpactStory blog. You can then see:

  • Total citations
  • Your Google Scholar h-index
  • A graph of your citations over time

You can also use the “Follow” button to get alerted to new citations. Google Scholar gives a count of citations for each paper – click on the number to see what is being counted. This is likely to be (much) higher than on Scopus/Web of Science, partly because more book data is included but also perhaps some less scholarly sources.

The Publish or Perish software can be used to perform further analysis on Google Scholar data and Anne-Wil Harzing’s site has much information on how it can be used.

Incites

We have recently blogged about using Incites which is Clarivate Analytics’ citation analysis tool. It can also give you an author overview:

  • Citations
  • Which journals gave you the most citations
  • Areas of work which are most highly cited

Incites uses data from the Web of Science, so a different database with its own set of content. Comparisons suggest citations and coverage are roughly similar / slightly less than Scopus (Scopus is expanding its content – particularly book data – more rapidly).

Altmetrics: do they tell a different story?

The site ImpactStory can be used to set up a quick profile and gather your altmetrics, as well as some citation metrics. This may provide additional information on your scholarly activities – how does this compare with your citation metrics?

If you do explore your personal metrics, please let us know! We have been doing some work with specific departments on how well different sources of metrics represent their outputs and all evidence is useful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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