Pre-prints are not new. Some pre-print servers such as arXiv have been going since 1991;
however, there is increasing interest in the use of pre-prints as part of the
move towards open access publishing and open scholarship in general.
What are they?
Pre-prints are versions of your paper before it has been submitted to peer-review. The use of pre-print servers varies significantly between disciplines, being an embedded and well known practice in areas like Physical Sciences, and almost unheard of in others.
Why should I bother?
Posting a pre-print on a specific pre-print server or
repository means your work has the potential to reach other researchers in your
discipline and citations can accumulate, earlier. It is also useful to gather
early feedback on the paper from your peers, before the official peer-review
process of the journal you submit to.
Will my paper be
Contrary to some fears, pre-prints can actually help protect your work from being ‘scooped’. Most servers register the papers on receipt enabling you to establish provenance should another very similar paper be published after yours. Many pre-print servers enable you to add a DOI allowing you to keep track of your paper and its citations.
University researchers are not
restricted from using preprint servers by the institution. Individual
researchers considering submitting a paper do need to check
the funder and journal to see if any restrictions apply. This can be done
using SHERPA/ Romeo
and searching the journal you are considering submitting to.
As stated above, there are preprint servers for different disciplines and institutional repositories can host preprints. The benefits of submitting preprints in terms of citations, engagement and impact will not materialise unless the author/college publicise the paper themselves especially in disciplines which are only just starting to use pre-print servers.
ISS Research Support are happy and able to assist researchers with information regarding journal restrictions, and which pre-print server may be most appropriate. We have a list of pre-print servers and open access repositories here.
Scival have recently introduced an Economic Impact measure which you can find in the Overview section of the tool. This uses information from around the world to find patents which cite publications from Swansea University, potentially showing an effect on industry. As there is an 18 month time lag between a patent being applied for and being published it won’t show an effect for very recent publications.
It is possible to filter by patent office so you can look at just the UK, Europe, Japan, US or worldwide.
This recorded webinar has more information about using this feature.
If Scival is new to you, our previous post has links to guides etc.
Some of you might have wondered if there is any point in putting your work in the university repository, other than the REF requirement. I have been taking a look at usage statistics and have definitely found an upwards trend . We have had an increase in over a thousand users since December so the site is getting attention – why not take advantage of that to showcase your work?
Where are the users from?
Since 1st December, although a large percentage of visitors came from the UK, there was use from 122 countries in total. This shows the top ten.
How do they find Cronfa?
The bulk of our users find us by keyword search (organic). A large number are also from links on other sites (a lot of them Swansea ones but some elsewhere). Direct users type in the url of the site so will be very familiar with it and a growing number come via social media with Twitter being the clear favourite.
Help to make Cronfa grow by adding your work and spreading the word.
The Impact Story blog has been running a great series of posts around the theme of “Impact Challenge”:
The series has been running through November – the first post stated their aims to “supercharge your research impact”:
upgrade your professional visibility by conquering social media,
boost your readership and citations by getting your work online,
stay atop your field’s latest developments with automated alerting,
lock in the key connections with colleagues that’ll boost your career, and
dazzle evaluators with comprehensive tracking and reporting on your own impacts.
Each post has information and ideas, followed by some homework suggestions. Now the series is over, you can look through and pick which ones may benefit you most.
Our Research Impact one-day workshop took place in the library on Thursday – the event was run by ISS in conjunction with DRI, APECS, SURF and was sponsored by a grant from the Welsh Government. For those who attended – and for those who were unable to make it – here are links and materials from the day where available:
We hope to repeat some or all of these sessions – please get in touch if you would like more information on the above or to request future sessions: email@example.com
Research Councils UK have launched the Research Outcomes System. It has been closely aligned with requirements for the REF and is designed so that researchers can input details of their research at any stage. It will be used by AHRC, BBSRC, ESRC and EPSRC and will record details such as any collaboration in the project, communication and staff development as well as impact.
It is Open Access week. Researchers, librarians, publishers, and research funders are all talking about Open Access. By publishing your work in an OA repostitory or OA journal, you will make it more discoverable by other researchers. The more people read your work, the more likely it is to get cited by others and potentially increase its impact.
As part of OA week, R2RC have published a new guide to publishing for research students: Optimize Your Research
A very interesting new article has just been published by researchers in Italy, who have analysed data from the first Italian national research evaluation to see whether there is a correlation between bibliometric indicators and peer review.
The questions they posed were:
- Are peer review judgements and (article and journal) bibliometric indicators independent variables?
- What is the strength of the association?
- Is the association between peer judgement and article citation rating significantly stronger than the association between peer judgement and journal citation rating?
They found “a compelling body of evidence that judgements given by domain experts and bibliometric indicators are significantly positively correlated” and in their conclusions, they suggest:
Bibliometrics are not independent of peer review assessment. The correlation between peer assessment and bibliometric indicators is significant but not perfect. Peer review should be integrated with bibliometric indicators in national assessment exercises.
Franceschet, M & Constantini, A (2010) “The first Italian research assessment exercise: A bibliometric perspective“, Journal of Informetrics, in press, corrected proof Science Direct [Online].
HEFCE have published “Analysis of data from the pilot exercise to develop bibliometric indicators for the REF – The effect of using normalised citation scores for particular staff characteristics”
The report analyses the data from the pilot exercise to develop bibliometric indicators for the REF. It analyses the effect of using bibliometrics (citation scores) in the REF upon certain types of research staff. For example, early career researchers will be less likely to have many citations. It also looks at age and sex, gender, ethnicity, disability of researchers as well as those who are part-time staff.
The report recommends:
If citation data are used then the four UK higher education funding bodies will need to ensure that institutions planning to make submissions to the REF are aware of the results of this analysis so that they can take them into account when selecting staff for inclusion. Further, panels will also need to account for the differences found and will require guidance as part of their equality briefing.
This session for academic staff and researchers will look at the ways you can monitor the impact your publications are having, especially when considering the REF. We will also look at Researcher ID as a way of raising your own profile, Journal Citation Reports, and Web of Science facilities such as cited reference searching, citation mapping, times cited, citation alerts and amending your author name if necessary.
The session will be held in the Library & Information Centre (Room – PC3) on 15th February 2011 from 12.30pm to 1.30pm.
To book a place, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org